The process of site preparation is one of the most fundamental tasks, which is to be done to ensure smooth execution of a civil engineering project. Site preparation is a set of well-composed processes. The venue where the project is going to start is called a “Site.”
Preparing a site refers to the feasibility testing of the venue which provides a report to the engineers so that they can give a green signal to start the work right away or to take certain steps to make the site as per the desired standards. Here in this article, we will be bringing into the limelight, the entire literature which will tell the readers as for how to do proper site preparation for civil works.
Site Preparation: Explained Step-Wise
Let’s have a look at the processes and their introduction which makes up the whole body of Site Preparation process.
1. Site Clearing
That’s the very first step of site preparation which includes cleaning of the site. By “cleaning,” we mean to say that, if there are trees planted on the site, they should be removed. If there are buildings which will hinder the overall workflow of the project, they need to be demolished right away. If there are electricity poles where the workers may fear losing they are being close to the exposed wires, needs to be transferred.
2. Site Surveying
The second most important step in site preparation is that of site surveying. This is the task assigned to the site surveyor, who is entitled to visit the site frequently, chalk out all the dimensions provided by the contractor, map these coordinates against a physical environment of the site, and then provide a report which shows a concrete physical representation of the project site to the engineers. For this task to be done perfectly, you must have to hire an experienced site surveyor who knows how to do proper site preparation for civil works.
3. Soil Testing
Another important task which holds a significant place in the whole site preparation process is the soil testing. It needs to be done before buying/purchasing the site for the project. Soil testing should be done to know whether it is capable of withstanding the structure which is going to be built on top of it or not? If yes, it’s perfect, and if not, you need to skip the site and move on to find a new one.
4. Site Plan Design
This is the part where the designer will be portraying his/her prowess. After soil testing, the layout of the whole site is designed on the site which shows every detail about the drainage pipes installation and electricity wires installation sites.
5. Site Investigation
Also, known as Geo-Technical Site Investigation is the final step of Site Preparation. It includes characterization and classification of the soil, water, and underground rocks. The reason behind doing this characterization is to find out as how a civil work can be accomplished within the stipulated time and under the allocated budget.